Friday, May 17, 2024

Striking a Balance: Decarbonizing the Transport Sector in Europe


In the pursuit of combating climate change, decarbonizing the transport sector has emerged as a pressing priority. As a Member of the European Parliament, I am deeply committed to achieving ambitious reduction targets while fostering innovation and job creation. Our objective is to strike a balance that addresses environmental concerns without disregarding economic realities and technological diversity. In this article, we will explore the importance of ambitious reduction targets, preserving technological diversity, the need for a massive infrastructure rollout, challenges associated with the “Havana Effect,” and the legislative developments shaping the transition.

Preserving Technological Diversity:

While electric vehicles (EVs) play a pivotal role in reducing emissions, we must also address the environmental impact of electricity production and the manufacturing process of electric cars. It is crucial to recognize that not every electric car is inherently clean. Metaphorically speaking: every electric car has its exhaust at the factory. To achieve genuine sustainability, we need a comprehensive approach that encompasses the entire life cycle of vehicles. This includes decarbonizing electricity production, encouraging the use of renewable energy sources, and supporting innovation in the manufacturing process to minimize environmental impact.

Massive Infrastructure Rollout:

To facilitate the transition to electric mobility, we need a substantial rollout of charging infrastructure throughout Europe. Currently, charging points are concentrated in a few affluent Western EU countries, creating an imbalance in accessibility. It is imperative to ensure fair distribution and accessibility of charging points, making it convenient for EV owners to recharge their vehicles wherever they may be. This requires a significant investment in infrastructure and the development of charging networks that span across regions, ensuring widespread access to charging facilities.

The Challenge of the “Havana Effect”:

The decision to ban the sales of new cars with combustion engines from 2035 raises concerns about a potential “Havana Effect.” This term refers to the possibility of our streets becoming filled with vintage cars because new cars without combustion engines are not easily available or affordable. While the intention behind the ban is noble, it is essential to consider the availability and affordability of non-combustion engine vehicles after the ban comes into effect. To mitigate any negative consequences, we must explore funding initiatives, including training programs for engineers, to support the automotive industry in its transition to carbon-free production. By providing the necessary resources and support, we can pave the way for sustainable job creation and ensure a smoother transition for all stakeholders involved.

The Fit for 55 Package and Legislative Developments:

The Fit for 55 package, introduced by the European Commission in July 2021, laid the groundwork for reducing CO2 emissions in the transport sector. After extensive negotiations, a provisional agreement was reached in October 2022. This agreement includes a ban on the production of new cars with combustion engines by 2035 and ambitious CO2 reduction targets for new cars and vans by 2030. However, it is important to recognize that the approval process encountered challenges, reflecting the diverse perspectives and interests involved. Despite the challenges, the law received final approval from the Parliament in February 2023 and from the Council in March 2023, solidifying the commitment to decarbonization.

Resource and Infrastructure Challenges:

Transitioning to electric mobility presents resource and infrastructure challenges. By 2030, we will require significantly increased supplies of key resources such as lithium, cobalt, graphite, and nickel to meet the demand for electric vehicle production. Moreover, as indicated, accommodating the projected 30 million electric vehicles on European roads by 2030 will necessitate an extensive expansion of charging infrastructure. Currently, there are approximately 350,000 charging points in the EU, with around 70% located in just three countries – France, Germany, and the Netherlands. To support the mass adoption of electric vehicles, we need to scale up charging infrastructure, establishing a vast network of charging stations across Europe that is accessible and convenient for all users.


Striking a balance between environmental objectives and economic realities is crucial for ensuring a sustainable future. While supporting ambitious reduction targets, we must exercise caution in implementing bans on new cars with combustion engines from 2035. A massive rollout of charging infrastructure is essential to facilitate the transition to electric mobility, ensuring accessibility and fairness. By focusing on sustainable job creation, addressing resource and infrastructure challenges, and fostering innovation, we can successfully achieve a decarbonized transport sector in Europe, creating a greener and more sustainable future for all.